Globalization has been gaining momentum in recent years. Mobility options are cheaper and more available than ever before, and technologies enable easy communication with anywhere in the world, which has become one big global village. The nature of the business world has also changed; the intensive competition requires many companies to expand to new markets in areas outside of their home country. Organizations set up subsidiaries, joint ventures and strategic alliances, in order to create a presence in new markets and take advantage of efficient production resources.
The combination of globalization and technology (especially computing and ICT) have created a world of new possibilities; a work environment where employee’s geographic location is not significant, and professional skills, interpersonal skills and innovative spirit are the name of the game.
The labor market is changing rapidly in a complex way as a result of these factors and requires development of professional skills and new, more challenging employment experiences.
Labor immigration and the formation of a “global/multinational worker” for the sake of career enhancement or training comes as part of the individual’s realization that the rules of the game have changed, and individuals must develop the survivability, creativity and cognitive flexibility as part of their required skills, in order to remain relevant to the market and cope with global competition.
The global worker focuses on self-managed career and personal development as part of having to cope with radical changes on the labor market.
Global mobility for employment gives the employee the flexibility in a changing world and increases his chances against the competition.
The new employment world has created a situation in which there are changes in the skills required from employees, where the increase of demand is primarily for skilled workers in information and communications technology (ICT), biotech and cleantech.
The concept of “Brain Gain”, as part of the broader context of Brain Mobility at the state, organization and individual level, refers to the arrival of skilled workers to places where they are offered jobs that match their skills and training.
The search for innovation and entrepreneurship comes from the interest of the local economic environment of each country in increasing productivity and GDP and thus prepare better and faster to global trends of an economy based on information and technology.
The main reasons for labor immigration today are:
- Difficulty in finding employment that allows decent living in the home country.
- Labour demand in certain sectors in some countries compared to a surplus in these sectors in the home country.
- Demographic changes.
- Political crises, socio-economic and military situations.
- Wage gaps and creating a higher disposable income.
- Personal and family search for a better life experience.
- Desire for professional reward while gaining international experience and aspirations for developing a career.
- A desire for a combination of a high quality of life with free time for recreation.
- Self-fulfillment and desire to experience.
Benefits to multicultural employees
- Work experience abroad is a significant advantage to employment candidates.
- A multicultural worker may contribute a broad business experience and diverse perspectives for solving problems.
- Innovation and creativity – the global employee provides value to customers and may contribute to building global strategies and perspectives.
- An important resource in dealing with the challenges and complexity of the overall market